For neither circumcision counts for anything,
nor uncircumcision, but a new creation.

Gal. 6.15

John 1 is a recapitulation of Genesis 1. But now its Word and Spirit in creation. John does not mention the fall but assumes it. Time is compressed and fluid in this creation account. But John is clearly leaning toward restoration – all things will be summed up in Christ and God’s original purpose for creation restored. The light will shine on all humankind. Those who receive him will be renewed in God’s original design – that we should rule (Gen. 1.26).
John 2 we join a wedding feast. That should trip our memories of the broad movement of history toward another banquet in Rev. 19 – the marriage supper of the lamb. John’s vision is very broad – from creation to new creation, Genesis to Revelation. John 2 – water to wine. This is what new creation looks like: God’s power comes on ordinary things and they are made new! A new heaven and a new earth are coming and we will all be dancing!

John 3 the feast comes to Israel. But what is flesh is flesh and what is spirit is spirit. Israel’s teachers have been immersed in a textbook, but divorced from the Spirit. Suddenly renewal is coming to God’s people, who failed to recognize the Messiah when he arrived (Jn 1.11). Now the light dawns on God’s people Israel. The placement of the story of John the Baptist in this chapter allows John to cue us again to where this story is going – “bride and bridegroom” v. 29.

John 4. In ancient Israel the well was the place where weddings were celebrated. This time the marriage feast is not just for Israel but the universal banquet table opens up to include foreigners and outcasts. Isaiah’s vision of a universal gospel is fulfilled. All peoples and tribes and tongues will come to the new city, and all the nations will be healed (Rev 21-22)